The Effects of Sins and Disobedience- Shaikh Muhammad bin Ramzaan 

The following is a summary of last night’s lecture by Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ramzan al Hajiri حفظه الله in Khobar, entitled, *“The Effects of Sins and Disobedience”*.

I have only written the most salient points covered by the sheikh. [Translated by Abu Afnaan]

The sheikh began by stating part of the Khutba al Haaja and thanking the Ministry of Islamic Endowments and the Da’wah Offices throughout the Kingdom who exert notable efforts in spreading good throughout the Kingdom.

The title of this lecture/admonishment/reminder is the ‘Effect of Sins and Disobedience”
آثار 

(Aathaar) in Arabic means the resultant effect left on something

ذنوب و المعاصي

(Dhunub/Ma’asi) mean sin and transgression/disobedience.
المعاصي

(Ma’aasi) disobedience can be:
1. as Shirk which is the most severe sin

2. or bid’ah

3. or a major sin

4. or a minor sin.
• Allah created mankind and the jinn to worship Him alone.
Allah states:

{وما خلقت الجن والإنس إلا ليعبدون}

{And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)}.
It comes in the tafseer of at Tabari that ibn ‘Abbas mentioned regarding the word ليعبدون  means يوحدون  or to strictly worship Me alone in their worship upon at-Tawheed.
This is the reason both mankind and the jinn were created for.

 

المعاصي

or disobedience to Allah means to:
1. Either leave what Allah has commanded or

2. engage in that which He has prohibited.
Thus, the individual who has not obeyed Allah in what He has commanded or engages in what Allah has prohibited is an ‘Aasi عاص or sinner.
•This worldly life is a test from Allah as He mentions in surah al-Mulk,
{الذي خلق الموت والحياة ليبلوكم أيكم أحسن عملا}
{Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed}
When the servant sins, he is being tested. It is a test/trial.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  stated in an authentic hadith: “If you did not sin and ask Allah for forgiveness, He would come with a people who sin and ask for forgiveness.”

 

This is not a permission to sin. Rather, it is a reminder of the mercy of Allah and a reminder to the sinner to ask for forgiveness as the door of repentance is open.

 

As previously mentioned, shirk is the most severe of معاصي  (sins/disobedience) and this is due to the fact that it is not forgiven by Allah as He has stated:
{إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء}

{Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases}
Also, He states:

{إنه من يشرك بالله فقد حرم عليه الجنة ومأواه النار وما للظالمين من أنصار}

{Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers}
This sin of Shirk can be either a statement or action such as supplicating to other than Allah, or sacrificing to other than Allah, and other actions.
People commit shirk in supplicating to Allah and seeking refuge from calamities from other than Allah, yet the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم stated to his daughter Fatima, “Ask me what you wish from my wealth, but I cannot avail you in any way regarding that which is between you and Allah.”
The Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  said this while he was still alive, so how much more of a reality it is after his death. Yet, you have people who supplicate to other than Allah.
From the evil, resultant effects of sins, specifically the effect of shirk, is the absence of safety and security.
The greatest reason which brings about safety/security/tranquility and the absence of the chaos which we see in much of the Muslim world is at-Tawheed and the absence of Shirk. Also, at-Tawheed is one of the reasons for which Allah gives a people firmness/strength in the land as He states

{وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا}
{Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me}
With regards to bid’ah or innovation in the religion, it is the second most severe category of sin. The most severe type of bid’ah is that related to affairs of belief, aqeedah i.e. that related to Allah, or the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم or His Books or the angels. After that, there is bid’ah with regards to acts of worship. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  stated, “Whoever innovates in this affair of ours (the religion), will have it rejected.”
The Muslim is to adhere to the sunnah regarding the affairs of aqeedah and worship and not deviate. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم stated: “Humiliation and debasement is (the recompense) for the one who opposes my command.”
The third type of sin is كبيرة or major sin and the definition which the ulama have coined for a major sin is any statement or action in which there is textual proof regarding it which necessitates:
1. an Islamically prescribed punishment (i.e. flogging, cutting off of the hand etc.)

2. or a curse (i.e. the Prophet stating, “May the person who engages in such and such be cursed”)

3. or a specific punishment (whether in the worldly life, in the barzakh or in the afterlife, for example what has come in the hadith of the man whom the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told to eat with his right hand upon which he said, ‘I cannot’ and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم made du’a upon him and the man’s hand became paralyzed as the real reason for him not doing so was arrogance. Also, what has come in the hadith about the two men whom the Prophet mentioned who would be punished in the grave: one for the fact he did not wash himself after urinating and the other for nameema or tale carrying. Also, other hadith which mention the punishment for those who commit zinaa, etc.)

4. Or a severe threat like what has come in several hadith that there are three people Allah will not look at on the Day of Judgement: the one who drags his garment……

 

• The book of major sins by ad-Dhahabi is very beneficial concerning this issue.

The fourth categorization of sins is minor sins and the definition for minor sin is any statement or action in which no textual proof has come necessitating an Islamically prescribed punishment, or a curse or a specific punishment or a severe threat.

The next subtopic is with regards to those who are deserving of obedience and they are 6:
1. Allah

2. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم

3. One’s parents

4. The Muslim Ruler

5. The husband

6. The obedience of a slave to his master
Those who are disobedient with regards to the 6 aforementioned categories have specific names in the Shari’ah indicating their disobedience.
The one who disobeys Allah or His messenger is called an ‘Aasi العاصي , the one who disobeys his parents is an ‘Aaq العاق , the one who disobeys the ruler is a الخارجي as in the Shari’ah the one who opposes the ruler is called a خارجي  ‘Khariji’ –May Allah protect us from their evil-, the wife who disobeys her husband is called الناشز, an-Naashiz and the slave who disobeys his master is called الآبق, al-aabiq.
The resultant of effects of sins can be:

The worldly life

In the grave

Or in the afterlife
How can one avoid the recompense of his sins?

By making الاستغفار  al-Istighfar, as Allah the Most High states:
{يا عبادي الذين أسرفوا على أنفسهم لا تقنطوا من رحمة الله إن الله يغفر الذنوب جميعا إنه الغفور الرحيم}

(“O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
• The individual who constantly makes istighfaar and tawba is called أواب  or one who often returns and it comes in hadith that the Duhaa prayer is called the prayer of the Awwabin, those who repeatedly turn to Allah with repentance.
It is important for the individual with regards to avoiding sins and their evil recompense to beware of 4 things:

1. His self

2. Desires

3. Evil companionship

4. As-Shaytaan
• From the effects of sins is ذلة   or abasement. Even while the sinner is committing sins, he is debased as he is afraid someone may see him. Allah states:
{من يهن الله فما له من مكرم}

{And whomsoever Allah disgraces, none can honour him}
The one who gives into his sins is like a slave to his desires.
• From the effects of sins is a decrease or prevention of one’s rizq or provisions as it comes in hadith, “Indeed, a person may be prevented from provisions due to a sin he commits.”
The darkness of sins is apparent on the face of the sinner due to his sins
{سيماهم في وجوههم}

{And their signs are apparent on their faces}
•Shaytaan is an enemy as Allah states about him
{ أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ (60) وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ (61) وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنكُمْ جِبِلًّا كَثِيرًا ۖ أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْقِلُونَ (62) هَٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ (63)}
{Did I not ordain for you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is a plain enemy to you. And that you should worship Me [Alone Islamic Monotheism, and set up not rivals, associate-gods with Me]. That is a Straight Path. And indeed he (Satan) did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did you not, then, understand? This is Hell which you were promised}
• The greatest weapon against this enemy is congregational prayer and remembrance of Allah as it comes in hadith, “Protect what Allah has commanded and prohibited (i.e. fulfilling His commands and abstaining from what He has prohibited) and He will protect you.”
If the individual is not protected by Allah, he is entrusted to his own self and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم use to supplicate that Allah not leave him to his own self even for just the blink of an eye.
The individual is cautious of what he looks at, listens to, and engages in as it has come in hadith that the eye commits fornication/adultery by looking at that which is prohibited as well as the ears due to what they listen to…
Also, Allah mentions that one’s limbs will bear witness against him
{اليوم نختم على أفواههم وتكلمنا أيديهم وتشهد أرجلهم بما كانوا يكسبون}

{This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn.}
• It is incumbent upon the individual to seek forgiveness throughout his day. It comes in the Sunnah that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم used to seek forgiveness more than 70 times a day and in another narration more than 100. In fact, the 1st thing we do after the congregational prayer is make istighfaar 3 times due to the shortcomings of our prayer. If this is the case after an act of worship, then how much more is the case with regards to a sin that we may commit or an act of disobedience we engage in..
It also comes in hadith that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  stated that طوبى  (a tree in paradise) is for the one whose istighfaar is found on his scroll of deeds.
• The sheikh then concluded his lecture by sending prayers and peace upon the Prophet Muhammad  صلى الله عليه وسلم, his family and his companions.
May Allah place this highly beneficial lecture in the scale of the Sheikh’s good deeds.

Translated and summarized  with the Sheikh’s permission by Abu Afnaan Muhammad Abdullah

24/6/1437

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